What is Microorganic Fertilizer? Proper Composting Process At Home

In addition to providing optimal nutrition for plants, fertilizers also provide beneficial microorganisms to ensure the ability to prevent diseases for plants. So the concept and application of microbial organic fertilizer like? Let’s find out with BSF Smart Farm.

What is Microorganic Fertilizer?

  • Microbial organic fertilizer is an organic fertilizer containing from one to many strains of beneficial microorganisms, which is processed by treating and mixing organic materials and then fermenting with microbial strains according to the ratio of microorganism. ratio of 15% organic matter and   ≥ 1×106 CFU/mg for each type of microorganism strain.
  • This fertilizer not only provides enough multi-, medium-, and micro-mineral nutrients for plants, but also dissolves inorganic substances in the soil into nutrients for easier absorption by plants, and at the same time increases fertility. for the soil, adding beneficial microorganisms to effectively prevent pests and diseases.

What is Microorganic Fertilizer in English?

“Microbiological fertilizer” in English

Benefits of Microorganic Fertilizer

  • Microorganic fertilizers bring many benefits to the soil and plants. One is to provide all the necessary nutrients for plants. Organic fertilizers are full of nutrients, although the content is not much, but plants can fully absorb them for a long time, sustainably.
  • Microorganic fertilizers help retain moisture, retain manure, retain water, and help the roots develop well, last long and help the soil to be porous.
  • Microbial organic fertilizers help the microflora in the soil to thrive. A good soil if there are no active microorganisms in it, it will surely be destroyed in the long run. Microbiological organic fertilizers such as vermicompost, in addition to helping to stimulate the microflora in the soil, also provide an additional amount of microorganisms to the soil, making the beneficial microflora more abundant.
  • Microbiological organic fertilizer repels diseases and harmful microorganisms will be eliminated.

Advantages of Microorganic Fertilizer

  • Bringing outstanding benefits in terms of soil improvement, maintenance and enhancement of fertility and fertility for arable land in a long and sustainable way.
  • How to use it is simple, just fertilize the plant, but it is very reassuring not to be afraid of the tree dying, not to worry about the soil being degraded or acidic, alum, etc.
  • Use as an alternative to chemical fertilizers and provide essential nutrients that chemical fertilizers cannot provide.
  • Organic fertilizers contain degradable microorganisms that can increase the efficiency of absorption of difficult-to-absorb nutrients (insoluble, indigestible) into easily absorbable substances.
  • Eco-friendly and safe for humans and animals.

How to Make Bio-Organic Fertilizer

  • Step 1: Prepare organic materials: peat, cow manure, coffee husks, sugarcane sludge, other organic sources.
  • Step 2: Gathering ingredients and preliminary processing
  • Step 3: Incubate with decomposed VSV. After the incubation period, an organic substrate was obtained.
  • Step 4: Add VSV preparations according to the available quantification, if necessary, add NPK and microelements. Mix well.
  • Step 5: Check the quality of fertilizer produced.
  • Step 6: Close the bag and store.

Strains of Microorganisms in Microbial Compost

Phosphate-degrading microorganisms:

  • Microorganisms that are able to convert insoluble phosphorus compounds into readily usable plant substances are called dephosphorylation microorganisms.
  • They have the ability to dissolve many different insoluble phosphorus compounds, creating conditions to improve productivity and efficiency in using phosphate fertilizers for plants.

Nitrogen fixing microorganisms:

  • Nitrogen fixation is the reduction of molecular nitrogen to a usable plant form of nitrogen and is carried out by bacteria of the genera Clostridium, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, symbiotic bacteria such as Rhizobium in the root nodule family of plants. Beans, lichens (mushrooms and cyanobacteria of genus Nostoc) and freshwater mulberry flower symbionts with cyanobacteria such as Anabaena, etc., these microorganisms will fix nitrogen from the air and convert it into nitrogen-containing compounds. for plants and soil, improve plant tolerance and increase soil fertility.

Cellulose-degrading microorganisms:

  • It has the effect of processing and decomposing cellulose components in bran, bagasse, rice straw, etc. to make it easier for plants to absorb. The use of microorganisms to treat organic substances containing cellulose is highly effective and is being widely applied.

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria

These bacteria inhibit pathogens through competition for nutrients, secrete enzymes or create antibiotics that increase resistance to help plants less pests and diseases, creating conditions for growth and development. better, contributing to increase productivity and quality of agricultural products over the seasons.

Notes When Using Microorganic Fertilizer

  • Composting organic fertilizers before use: When we conduct composting, the features of microorganisms will grow most strongly.
  • Dissolve organic fertilizer in water and water around the base of the tree: In this case, we want to take advantage of the organic source of decaying leaves in the tree because it is a perennial plant, we should use this method.
  • The essence of microbial organic fertilizer is that there are a lot of beneficial microorganisms alive, so we must NOT use highly oxidizing substances, drugs, fertilizers, etc. to mix or irrigate where it has been.
  • Use microbial organic fertilizers because that will kill those microorganisms.
  • The best time to space out two different medications or stools is 2 weeks.

How to Compost Microorganic Fertilizers At Home

Step 1: Choose the container of microbial organic fertilizer and the location of the bin

There are many types of bins that are used as manure storage materials such as sealed containers, wooden crates, plastic containers, etc. Depending on the amount of waste and materials used to make manure of each family, different capacity bins are used. Note that with a closed container, the incubation time will be longer, when using a closed container, you should drill a few more small holes to have a place for drainage.

The container should then be placed in a place that easily drains, such as bare soil instead of concrete bricks, to ensure that worms and microorganisms can enter. In addition, pay attention to keep the compost bin in a place away from living areas and places with lots of sunlight to accelerate the decomposition process.

Step 2: Select and classify organic waste to make compost

The main components of organic fertilizer are organic matter, moisture, oxygen, bacteria. Organic matter from waste is a source of nutrients necessary for healthy plant growth. Therefore, before composting, you should classify and choose the type of garbage to use, which type should not be used to help achieve high quality manure.

You can categorize into green organic matter and brown organic matter to make it easier. In which green organic matter provides nitrogen, including: Leftover vegetables and fruits, fresh leaves, clipped grass, fresh grass, coffee grounds, bean residues, peanut shells… Brown organic matter includes straw, paper bags, sawdust , tea bags, egg shells…

Avoid using the following types of waste to make compost at home such as animal bones, untreated human and pet feces, shells, harmful weeds, processed wood, melaleuca leaves, shells oranges, tangerine peels, fresh lemongrass leaves, eucalyptus leaves, fat from milk, fish, poultry… These types of waste can harm microorganisms, cause stench, and increase the risk of plant pathogens.

 

Step 3: How to mix microbial organic fertilizer at home

After sorting and making organic fertilizer at home. We will proceed to mix in the following proportions:

  • Add 10cm of brown manure, then a thin layer of green manure, then 10cm of brown manure. Mix the mixture well, incubate after 2 weeks, then start watering the fertilizer. But be careful not to get too wet. Then mix the compost well.
  • Continue adding another layer of brown manure to fill the container.

When mixing, you do not need to cut the manure because it is necessary to create a space to help air enter to create conditions for microorganisms to multiply. The amount of green manure should not be too much. To check the temperature, you can use 1 fresh branch to bathe in the middle, after 5-6 days of pulling out, the strong hot branch is satisfactory. You can also check by squeezing hard to see if the compost adheres well. If the manure is too wet, you can infuse dry materials such as hay, straw, too dry manure, add water, stir to absorb.

Step 4: Use microbial organic fertilizer at home

After about 30 days of composting, if the manure has the following characteristics, it means that the compost has met the requirements, the organic matter has completely decomposed.

  • Visible compost turns brown
  • The compost crumbles and looks like humus. In the case of sawdust, wood, it will be in the form of fibers
  • Organic fertilizers have an earthy smell

See more: How to Compost Organic Fertilizer At Home

5 Famous Brands of Bio-Organic Fertilizer

  • Song Gianh Microorganic Fertilizer
  • Guilin Microorganic Fertilizer
  • Buffalo Head Microorganic Fertilizer
  • Binh Dien Microorganic Fertilizer
  • Hung Nguyen Microorganic Fertilizer
  • Komix Microorganic Fertilizer

Current Price of Bio-Organic Fertilizer

The price of domestically produced microbial organic fertilizer with an organic content of 15% or more will range from 4,000 VND to 10,000 VND/1kg. Meanwhile, microorganic fertilizers imported from abroad with organic content from 60 to 70% will cost from 20,000 VND to 30,000 VND/kg.

Where to buy Microorganic Fertilizer?

Currently, on the fertilizer market, there are many companies that produce and sell organic fertilizers to farmers. So how to buy quality microbial organic fertilizer and which address sells the best quality fertilizer to help plants achieve the target – high yield? BSF Smart Farm is the perfect suggestion specializing in providing micro-organic fertilizer from super-nutrition black soldier fly larvae with a breakthrough in technology, which improves soil and provides a large amount of macronutrients. “Bring green space to your family”. In addition, we provide a variety of products and a thoughtful after-sales service to help you save time and costs for people.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *