What is Garbage Manure? How to Compost at Home 100% Success

One of the most popular fertilizers today is compost or compost produced by many businesses to help provide nutrients for plants. In addition, it also helps to make the environment more beautiful. Let’s learn about this wonderful fertilizer with BSF Smart Farm.

What is Manure?

Manure is also known as compost. It is an organic fertilizer made from garbage, weeds, green leaves, water hyacinth, rice straw, city solid waste… The manure is composted with some yeast fertilizers such as manure, urine, phosphorus. , lime… until rotting.

Manure has a lower nutritional content than manure and varies to a great extent depending on the nature and composition of the litter.

Main Composition Of Manure

  • Carbon – energy; The biological oxidation of carbon provides heat, to a suitable extent, the carbon material is mainly brown and dry.
  • Nitrogen – to grow and produce more gas to oxidize carbon.
  • Nitrogen materials are mostly green (or other colors, such as fruits and vegetables) and moist.
  • Oxygen – Oxidizes carbon,  helps in the decomposition process.
  • Water – Helps maintain the process without causing anaerobic conditions

Compost Ingredients

  • Garbage of all kinds (waste has removed impurities that are not organic, non-perishable substances).
  • Plant residues after harvesting such as straw, stems and leaves.
  • Yeast and auxiliary substances (rotten manure, lime, urine, sludge, phosphate fertilizer, kitchen ash).

Sorting Garbage

Garbage is divided into 5 main groups:

  • Groups of plant origin;
  • Groups derived from microorganisms;
  • Groups of animal origin;
  • Groups derived from marine life;
  • The group is of mixed origin.

The Main Effects of Garbage Manure

  • Increase the porosity of the soil layer.
  • Helps stabilize and firm the soil structure.
  • Limit soil erosion.
  • Water storage and drought resistance for crops.
  • No disease-causing parasites such as flukes, worms, etc.
  • Helps plants grow and develop healthy, high yield.

How to Compost Kitchen Garbage

Prepare materials

  • Eggshell: Provides calcium and natural minerals for plants
  • Pork bones, fish bones: Provide a large amount of phosphorus for plants
  • Fruit peels such as banana peels, rice, leftover soup: Helps provide a large amount of biological protein.
  • Crushed vegetables, vegetable stalks, damaged vegetables: Helps the soil to be porous, increasing the humus level for the soil because it is rich in fiber and rich in vitamins.
  • Oils and fats, spoiled milk: Create smell, attract insects to damage plants
  • Ash, coal: Harm to plants because it contains many toxic substances
  • Plastic bags, glass bottles, plastic bottles: Will hinder the growth of plants, because they have an extremely long destruction time.
  • Animal droppings (dogs, cats): Harmful to humans because of toxic parasites.

How to Compost

  • Put a layer of probiotics EMZEO on the bottom of the tank to promote good fermentation as well as waste water treatment at the bottom.
  • Put the trash in a bin with a thickness of about 5cm, so pour out the water if it is too much! Make sure the humidity of the barrel is about 45 – 50% only, so that the fermentation process takes place at its best!
  • Spread a layer of probiotics on the surface of the garbage, you continue to put a layer of garbage on and sprinkle another layer of probiotics.
  • Add 1 liter of molasses at the ratio of 1 liter of molasses: 100kg of garbage, this helps to eliminate odors and increase the efficiency of decomposition.
  • Close the container, incubate for 15-20 days and then use it!

Attention When Composting Garbage

  • You put the box in a cool, dry place, avoid direct exposure to sunlight or where flies, mosquitoes, insects!
  • When the garbage is composted for 7-10 days, you can use the compost water
  • Incubation time 15-20 days with EMZEO you get a source of compost to fertilize clean vegetables and crops.
  • In addition, you should fully add kitchen waste ingredients, helping the best fertilizer quality possible.
  • Avoid using compost while it is still too hot, as this indicates incomplete fermentation.

Read More: What is Microorganic Fertilizer?

How to Compost at Home

Choose a Composting Method

Hot annealing:

Manure, after being removed from the barn for composting, is laid out in layers on an airy, dry, impermeable and uncompressed floor. Mix 1% flour and 1-2% superphosphate to remove fillers and retain nitrogen (% calculated by weight of manure). After that, put mud on the compost pile, water daily and keep 60-70% moisture for manure. After about 30-40 days, it can be used. Because of the short composting time, the disadvantage of this hot composting method is that the fertilizer loses a lot of protein

Cold annealing:

The time of the cold composting method must last 5-6 months before the compost can be used, but the quality is better than the hot composting method.

After the manure is removed from the barn for composting, it is compacted and arranged in layers, each layer is sprinkled with 2% phosphate fertilizer. Compost powdered soil or dry silt on top of manure and layer manure into piles up to 1.5 – 2.0 m high and cover the pile with mud.

Compost composting:

This Compost method is very simple and easy to do, just put in a little time and effort and you will have this wonderful fertilizer right away.

More Reference: Making Fertilizers At Home

Implementation process

Step 1: Prepare the ingredients

First you need to prepare the tools:

  • Gloves, knives, scissors to cut organic waste.
  • Mixing stick, shovel (ladle or small shovel).
  • Specialized compost bins or paint bins/styrofoam bins (depending on the amount of organic waste in each household, arrange the appropriate number of bins).

Materials needed:

  • Soil (can use vegetable soil), sawdust or coco peat.
  • Microbiological products: increase the efficiency of decomposition and can use microbial products EcoClean Compost.
  • Garbage such as leaves, rotten tree trunks, sawdust, straw, cardboard. Or kitchen waste such as eggshells, tea bags, coffee grounds, discarded vegetable peels, etc.

Step 2: Choose a location to place the crate

You should choose a container that contains enough prepared materials.

The composting process will cause the main smell, so choose a location to place the bin away from living areas. It is recommended to drill a few small holes if you choose a plastic container to allow drainage.

Step 3: Composting

Once everything is ready, proceed to arrange the ingredients in the container.

Then cover for 2 weeks, then water a sufficient amount of water and mix well, it will take at least 30 days for these materials to decompose.

 

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