Top 10+ Best Organic Fertilizers Today

The fertilizer market is extremely diverse with many products provided by fertilizer manufacturers providing the ability to meet all needs of users. Fertilizing becomes simpler, but what is considered reasonable and what type of fertilizer is best. Let’s find out with BSF Smart Farm in this article.

What is organic fertilizer?

Organic fertilizer is a common name for fertilizers made from organic compounds, used in agriculture to improve soil and add nutrients to plants. The raw materials for the production of organic fertilizers include leaves, livestock and poultry waste, agricultural by-products, peat, …

Advantages of organic fertilizers

  • Provide nutrients for plants
  • Increase the quality of agricultural products
  • Increase nutrient content, improve soil
  • Save water for irrigation
  • Do not pollute the environment

You can refer to: The Effect of Fertilizer

1. Black Soldier Fly Larvae

What Is Black Soldier Fly Larvae?

Fertilizer made from black soldier fly larvae or calcium worm manure is a high-grade fertilizer with extremely high nutritional content, very good for plants. The N-P-K value is a common way to display the nutrient levels of different fertilizers. The N-P-K value of a fertilizer describes the concentration of nutrients in the fertilizer including: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K).

Nutrients in Black Soldier Fly Larvae’s Manure

In black soldier fly droppings, the N-P-K values include:

  • Nitrogen (in – Nts): 2.1%
  • Phosphorus (in terms of P2O5ts): 2.57%
  • Potassium (in K2Ots): 1.2%

Specifically, the results of assessing the content of nutrients in the feces of black soldier fly larvae have more detailed results as follows:

  • PH: 5.25
  • OM: 65.5%
  • Nts: 2.1%
  • Humic Acid: 1.93%
  • Fulvic Acid: 4.61%
  • K2O: 1.2%
  • P2O5: 2.57%
  • CaO: 3.75%
  • MgO: 1.28%
  • Zn: 77.3ppm
  • Heavy metals (Cd, Pb, As, Hg): not detected.

What is Black Soldier Fly Larvae Used For?

  • Use directly for soil
  • Use in combination with other fertilizers.
  • Use as organic fertilizer in clean agriculture.
  • Use as high-grade probiotics to stimulate plants.

Advantages of Black Soldier Fly Larvae

  • The nutritional value is 3 times higher than vermicompost
  • Large output brings high economic value.
  • Fast production time, easy to apply and mix with other fertilizers.
  • Save fertilizer and fertilizer labor.
  • Value and effectiveness are more obvious than conventional fertilizers.


2. Worm Manure

What is vermicompost?

Worm manure is also known as red worm manure, earthworm manure. Worm manure is the feces of earthworms, worms eat dairy cow dung, through the decomposition process of microorganisms in the worm intestine, dairy cow dung is converted to create the final product, vermicompost. This is a nutrient-rich organic fertilizer that stimulates plant growth.

Vermicompost is 100% organic fertilizer, made up of pure vermicompost, which is the most nutritious natural fertilizer known to man.

Nutritional composition in vermicompost

– Worm manure provides essential minerals for plant growth such as: nitrogen 1.57%, effective phosphorus 1.24%, effective potassium 0.67%, calcium 2.14%, magnesium 0 ,52%.

– Vermicompost has abundant and rich microorganisms such as: nitrogen fixing microorganisms with a content of 4.2×107 CFU/g, phosphorus-degrading microorganisms of 2.6×106 CFU/g and cellulose-degrading microorganisms with high content. 2.0×107 CFU/g.

In organic fertilizers, the organic matter content must be over 20%, the vermicompost has a high organic matter content of 48.4%.

– In addition, vermicompost also contains a large amount of Humic Acid 7.01% and Fulvic Acid 5.63% which are the two main components that make up the humus compound to help retain nutrients and increase the efficiency of fertilizer use. Crops.

The Effect of Worm Manure

  • Provide nutrients for plants
  • Worm manure stimulates germination
  • Adding beneficial microorganisms to improve soil
  • Provide organic humus, increase resistance, reduce toxins
  • Keeping Ph stable helps plants absorb nutrients easily
  • Stimulating growth
  • Moisturizing, anti-erosion

3. Manure

What is manure?

Manure is an organic fertilizer formed from animal waste: urine, cattle and poultry manure, … and agricultural by-products (straw, straw, grass, vegetables), organic waste. and green manure. Manure is quite familiar to farmers and widely used because it can be produced at home by traditional composting methods or composted with biological products. Manure offers many significant benefits and is less harmful to the environment, providing valuable nutrients such as N (Nitrogen), P (Phosphorus), S (Sulfur), K (Potassium), This nutrient comes from the food of animals.

Common Manure Types:

Cow Fertilizer

Cow manure is the waste of cows, which is considered to bring many benefits and high economic value, especially providing many nutrients for soil and plants. Cow dung is extremely environmentally friendly and is used by many people to improve the soil. Dry cow manure helps to retain moisture for plants, increase humus, make the soil more porous, not loose or too tight, limit root rot, and help plants grow and develop well. However, you should note that because cow manure is formed from the food source of cows, it will be derived from weeds, so the cow dung will contain grass particles if not handled carefully, it will accidentally create an opportunity for cows to grow. weed growth.

Chicken manure

  • Chicken manure has the ability to improve soil, reduce salinity, acidity and help retain moisture well.
  • Providing a large amount of organic matter, adding beneficial microorganisms to the soil to help increase fertility.
  • Nutrition in chicken manure can increase plant resistance, reduce diseases that damage plants and plant roots.
  • Increase the rate of pollination, successful fruit set and taste for agricultural products.

Goat Fertilizer

Goat manure is the waste of goats, belonging to the natural organic fertilizer category, which is considered a fertilizer containing high nutritional content and balance. According to data, an average of 1 ton of goat manure contains up to 22kg of nitrogen and contains many other nutrients for plant growth such as: NPK, beneficial microorganisms, medium minerals and trace elements.

Advantages of Manure With Plants

  • Help plants grow healthy, especially provide nutrients for plants to grow leaves and avoid leaf fall
  • Provide nutrients for plants such as: macronutrients (phosphate, nitrogen, potassium), medium (calcium, mg, na) and micronutrients (zinc, copper…).
  • Add organic matter, help increase humus to increase soil fertility, help soil retain moisture and increase nutrient retention.
  • Stimulates root growth, helps to increase the resistance of plants to harsh weather such as drought, sun, erosion and increases resistance to pests and diseases.
  • Create a good living environment for beneficial microorganisms to develop such as earthworms, useful microorganisms, etc.


4. Microorganic Fertilizer

What is Microorganic Fertilizer?

A fertilizer preparation produced by using beneficial microorganisms inoculated with organic matter (such as peat powder). When fertilizing the soil, all kinds of microorganisms will promote their role such as breaking down indigestible nutrients into easily digestible for plants to absorb. or absorb natural nitrogen to supplement soil and plants.

In essence, biofertilizers are preparations in which beneficial microorganisms are present. There are many groups of beneficial microorganisms including bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes used to make fertilizers. Among them are important groups of microorganisms that fix nitrogen, dissolve phosphorus, decompose organic matter, stimulate plant growth, etc.

Effects of Microorganic Fertilizer

  • Improve fertility, make the soil porous.
  • Improve product quality.
  • Limit soil erosion and leaching of nutrients.
  • Clean the water source.
  • Reduce pests and diseases.
  • Limit the use of chemical drugs.

How to Use Microbial Fertilizer Effectively

  • Use: wet seeds, mix well with microbiological fertilizer (according to the ratio of 100kg of seed: 1kg of microbial fertilizer). After 10-20 minutes of mixing fertilizer and seeds, sowing is done
  • The best time to use microbial fertilizers is from 1 to 6 months (from the date of manufacture), to ensure that the microorganisms are still active when applied to the soil.
  • The storage temperature of microbial fertilizers is not higher than 30 degrees Celsius, in a cool, dry place to avoid direct sunlight, which kills microorganisms.
  • Bio-fertilizers promote well in high barefoot conditions, for shallow crops

5. Bio-Organic Fertilizer

What is Bio-Organic Fertilizer?

Is a fertilizer of organic origin that is produced by biotechnology (such as microbial fermentation) and mixed with some other active ingredients to increase the effectiveness of the fertilizer, or when applied to the soil will create an environmentally friendly environment. facilitate biological processes in the soil, contributing to increased crop yields.

The manure contains one or more beneficial microorganisms, which are processed by mixing and treating organic materials by fermenting them with such microorganisms, with the aim of destroying the pathogens. diseases in raw materials and improve the content of nutrients contained in fertilizers to provide plants.

Effects of Bio-Organic Fertilizer

  • It is used to improve the soil, maintain and improve the fertility and fertility of the arable land in a long and sustainable way.
  • Simple to use, no fear of dead plants, no worries about soil degradation or acidification, alum, etc.
  • Provide enough essential macronutrients, intermediates and micronutrients for plants that chemical fertilizers do not have.
  • Can be used for all periods and stages of plants: new planting, flowering, fruiting, …
  • Increases nutrient absorption efficiency by providing microorganisms that break down indigestible substances (insoluble, indigestible) into absorbable substances (soluble, easily digestible), or immobilized microorganisms protein,…
  • Supply, supplement and promote soil microflora to develop, operate, increase resistance of plants to help limit pests and diseases, reduce the amount of pesticides, thereby improving the quality of products.
  • Eco-friendly and safe for humans and animals.

6. Garbage (Compost)

What is Garbage Manure?

Manure is also known as compost. It is an organic fertilizer made from garbage, weeds, green leaves, water hyacinth, rice straw, city solid waste… The manure is composted with some yeast fertilizers such as manure, urine, phosphorus. , lime… until rotting.

Manure has a lower nutritional content than manure and varies to great extents depending on the nature and composition of the litter.

Compost Ingredients

  • Garbage of all kinds (waste has removed impurities that are not organic, non-perishable substances).
  • Plant residues after harvesting such as straw, stems and leaves.
  • Yeast and auxiliary substances (rotten manure, lime, urine, sludge, phosphate fertilizer, kitchen ash).

Uses of Compost ( Garbage Manure )

  • Increase nutrients, humus and improve soil porosity.
  • Restore fertility and prevent soil erosion and discoloration.
  • Balances pH and minerals in the soil.
  • Maintain moisture, limit drainage too quickly to help farmers save water for irrigation.
  • Provides a growth medium for microorganisms in the ground.
  • Neutralizes harmful toxins to plants in the soil.
  • Stores nitrogen during decomposition, helping plants absorb it in its simplest form.
  • Create a well-ventilated soil environment, helping the air to easily diffuse in for the plants to absorb.
  • Increases disease resistance and stimulates plant growth.
  • Eliminates some pests and diseases.
  • Made from 100% organic material to ensure safety for plants and users.
  • Non-toxic, environmentally friendly.

7. Green manure

What Is Green Manure?

Green fertilizer, also known as green manure, is the fertilizer formed from the corpses of green plants. It can be tree carcasses, fruit carcasses, coffee grounds, herbaceous plants… All these fresh ingredients are composted. Often put in to fertilize plants or press green, cabinets for the roots of perennial plants. Farmers depend on the purpose of using green manure as fertilizer. They will choose different crops to compost.

Effects of Green Manure

Fast and effective soil improvement: Green fertilizer contains a high amount of N. When buried in the soil, they will quickly increase the organic and N content. The roots of green manure develop very strongly. The ability to use high amounts of indigestible nutrients. Therefore, it is possible to absorb a lot of both indigestible and easily digestible food in the deep soil layers. Accumulate into plants, allowing topsoil to become richer in nutrients.
Green fertilizers also help improve saline soils effectively: Saline soils are soils with high total soluble salts and Na+. Leads to adverse effects on plant growth and development. The improvement of saline soil with the use of green manure has a rapid soil cover effect. Reduce the amount of water evaporating from the ground. Reduces increased salinity and salinity from groundwater. When burying fertilizer in the soil, by decomposing organic matter. Thereby reducing the harmful effects of soil colloidal dispersion of Na+.
Soil protection, erosion prevention, nutrient leaching: The covering of fertilizers on the ground helps to cover. Avoid direct rainfall, help prevent soil structure breakage and runoff to wash away the soil. Retain dissolved nutrients, block the wind. Should be effective against leaching and erosion under the action of water and wind. Green manure also has the effect of retaining water for the soil, covering the ground. Do not let sunlight reflect directly on the soil.

8. Peat

What Is Peat?

Peat is an organic layer on the surface of the soil, formed by the incomplete decomposition of plant residues buried for a long time in continuous anaerobic conditions such as swamps, volcanoes, moors, forest,…. Mainly from plants of the fern family, pine family, willow family and rice family or lotus species, water lilies, reeds, reeds, etc., common in the tropics.

Peat Manure Production Process

Currently, people have many different ways of producing peat fertilizer. However, the most common production process is: Drying the peat – Grinding – Mixing with lime (depending on the pH of the coal) – Adding additives, microorganisms – Incubating and packaging the finished product.

Uses of Peat in Agriculture


  • Produce substances that increase resistance, stimulate the growth of plants and animals. In which, mainly humic acid and metal salts of peat
  • Improves soil structure, increases water holding capacity in sandy soils and helps reduce nutrient leaching. Peat can retain up to 20 times its weight in water.
  • Aerate and improve the drainage of clay, helping plant roots to better gas exchange, grow and absorb nutrients.
  • Improves soil buffering capacity as peat is highly stable to pH variations.
  • Improved cation exchange capacity (CEC) helps to retain minerals, release them over time and prevent fertilizer run-off.
  • When peat is hydrolyzed, the finished product is used as a microbial culture medium to produce forage yeast rich in protein, vitamins and hormones.
  • Peat is used to fill barns, as fuel and as an effective soil amendment
  • Low-resolution peat surface layer is used for composting or filling livestock and poultry cages

9. Northern division

What is Northern Manure?

Northern manure is considered an organic fertilizer made up of incompletely decomposed human feces. The name northern dung was born because in the past, the Northern Vietnam Cooperative launched a campaign to collect human feces, each family had to collect ten pounds a month or else the rice would be cut. From there, the name northern division was born, instead of middle division or southern division as many people still wonder.

Uses of Northern Manure

  • Provide nutrients for plants in a complete, balanced and sustainable way: in the northern manure, there are medium and trace elements in an easily absorbed form to help plants grow in balance and they will not be out of balance. nutrients when providing plants as when using chemical fertilizers. The nutrients in this fertilizer will be slowly broken down, thereby ensuring that the nutritional needs of the plant are met throughout the growing period.
  • Helps plants grow in balance and stability: When applied to the ground, this fertilizer will be broken down into humus containing organic acids that stimulate the growth of plant roots, making it easier for roots to absorb nutrients.
  • This fertilizer also increases the quality of agricultural products: the use of organic fertilizers will help the quality of agricultural products higher than the use of inorganic fertilizers.
    Increases nutrient content, provides humus and balances microorganisms in the soil: When this fertilizer decomposes, it will create humus, create adhesion of the soil structure so that the soil becomes porous and aerated. , increase the ability to retain water and nutrients, and also create a favorable environment for microorganisms to grow. Besides, this fertilizer will also help improve the favorable environment for the microbial system to grow, limiting harmful microorganisms to plants.
  • Limit leaching, soil erosion: when this fertilizer decomposes, it will combine with mineral nutrients to become mineral-organic complexes that reduce leaching and erosion of nutrients. Besides, the humus substances in the manure also increase the stability of the soil structure, minimizing the soil erosion.
  • Most importantly, this fertilizer will not pollute the environment when used: organic fertilizer becomes a smart filter that helps filter harmful substances in the soil and then slowly decomposes them, reducing toxicity, helping environmental Protection.
  • This fertilizer also helps to save water for irrigation because this fertilizer has the effect of making the soil porous and retaining water, so it will help farmers save water for irrigation and save costs.
  • Improve the quality of agricultural products, do not harm humans and livestock.

10. Oil Cake Manure

What is Oil Cake?

Oil cake is a by-product of the cooking oil industry. After squeezing the oil, the remaining residue is pressed into pieces called oil cakes. Depending on the oil press materials, we have peanut oil cake (peanut), soybean oil cake, cashew oil cake … used as a very good fertilizer.

More than 40% of peanut oil cake is made of organic protein. For a long time, oil cake fertilizer has been used as a slow-release organic fertilizer or used to soak into concentrated organic fertilizer, which is very good for plants. Oil cake fertilizer makes plants grow green, smooth leaves, high yield.


Effect of Oil Cake Manure on Plants

  • Provide balanced and complete nutrients for plants (macro, intermediate, trace, vitamins, minerals, amino acids …)
  • Help plants grow healthy, strong: large, dark flowers, durable flowers, sprout many buds, buds
  • Improve the soil: help the soil to be porous, increase the humus for the soil
  • Establish a beneficial microflora and increase the density of beneficial microorganisms in the soil
  • Protects the roots  and supports the plant’s ability to absorb nutrients
  • Decompose nutrients that are difficult to dissolve in the soil to help plants absorb them easily
  • Limit yellow leaves, drop leaves on trees, help roots thrive

11. Organic chicken manure

Characteristics of Organic Chicken Manure

Chicken manure is an organic fertilizer with high nutritional content, especially high potassium content. Almost all crops can be fertilized with chicken manure. The nutrients in chicken manure help increase the resistance of plants and reduce some diseases that damage plants and roots. In addition, chicken manure also helps to improve soil, desalination, de-acidification, and helps retain moisture. Provide organic ingredients, add beneficial microorganisms to the soil, increase soil fertility.

Notes When Using Chicken Manure

Although it is a nutritious fertilizer, fresh chicken manure has many disadvantages. Untreated chicken manure contains many pathogens, bacteria with an unpleasant odor, polluting the environment, and harmful to plants.

Therefore, you should only use this product after you have been assured that the manure has been carefully treated and that harmful fungi, nematodes, and microorganisms have been destroyed. It is recommended to use biological products (such as Trichoderma) to compost chicken manure to help eliminate odors, accelerate decomposition, and inhibit and kill harmful fungi.

12. Fish droppings

Characteristics of Fish Faeces

Fish fertilizer contains a lot of vitamins, proteins, and minerals that are good for plants and help plants grow and grow well, especially fruit crops. With fish fertilizer, in addition to the task of providing nutrients for plants, fish fertilizer also has a number of other effects such as helping to improve the soil, helping to grow big, strong and especially helping the soil to be porous, against aridity and detoxifies the soil.

Advantages of Fish Manure

And yet, fish manure also has the ability to increase plant resistance, help keep soil moist, stimulate flowering, and fish manure increases the ability to set fruit for trees, helping to grow fruits evenly.

Moreover, when composting fish, it is also possible to make full use of all by-products from processing processes such as fish head, gills and stomach. That also reduces animal waste into the environment, so you should not ignore this organic fertilizer.

13. Composted Soybean Compost

Organic fertilizers are made from soy sauce, soybean meal, soybean residue, which is a very good source of protein, vitamins or microelements for plants. However, with the land being degraded, it is caused by human abuse of chemical fertilizers more and more. That’s why people use soybeans to make organic fertilizers, manure is a completely reasonable choice.

14. Banana manure

In the composition of bananas, there are mineral salts such as: calcium, sodium, the most abundant source of potassium and phosphorus, the medium and micronutrients are very rich, there are many vitamins of group B, C, carbohydrates, sugar, protein, and a variety of vitamins and minerals. Some natural hormones stimulate the growth of roots, stems, leaves… Help plants grow healthier, bolder, greener leaves, especially plants for durable and beautiful flowers and plants with increased resistance, good flower sprouting, … However, banana peels need to be fermented so that these organic nutrients can be quickly supplied to the plant.


15. Banana egg custard Fertilizer

This method of composting from banana milk eggs will help balance the nutritional components, help supplement nutrients for plants, help plants grow well and green. The finished product of banana egg custard compost has absolutely no odor, no maggots, and is very clean, suitable for those who live in crowded residential areas. Protection Status

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