9+ Experience of Raising Swallows At Home

There are 9 factors that determine the success of a bird’s nest house:

1. The location of the swiftlet house construction;

2. Specifications of temperature and humidity in the swiftlet house;

3. Light in the swiftlet house (lux);

4. The direction of the house and the direction of the bird lot;

5. The size of the indoor circle;

6. Group price system;

7. Sound system;

8. Humidification, ventilation system,

9. Technique of operating bird’s nest.

Let’s learn the above factors with BSF Smart Farm to raise bird’s nest successfully.

9 Experiences of Successfully Raising Birds at Home

In Vietnam, swiftlets (Aerodramus fuciphagus germani) live and nest in natural island caves, and in recent years, a subspecies of house swift (Aerodramus fuciphagus amechanus, Aerodramus fuciphagus vestitus) has been found living and nesting indoors. with an increasing number of flocks.

At present, this swiftlet subspecies is distributed in most localities from Thanh Hoa to Ca Mau, especially swiftlets are concentrated in quite large numbers in the central coastal provinces to the southern provinces. Indoor bird nest has formed and is developing with many prospects.

Identifying characteristics of swiftlets

  • The tail is short, not split
  • The back has no spaces
  • Constantly flapping wings while flying
  • Never pass

Suitable location for bird nest

  • Near an available house Yen
  • Where swiftlets fly over on the way to find food and on the way back to the nest
  • The daily feeding place of the Yen herd.
  • Near pond, lake, water surface.
  • There are not many tall trees blocking the view and roundabout.

Structure and size of bird nest house

  • Reinforced concrete frame house, concrete roof, brick wall 20cm
  • Level 4 house – brick columns, 20cm brick walls, insulated corrugated iron roof
  • Pre-engineered steel frame house, insulated corrugated iron walls and roof
  • The average size of the swiftlet house is 5m x 20m, the ideal size is 8m x 20m and the minimum is 4m x 10m

The size of the entrance and the rooms in the bird house

  • The entrance hole has a height of 30-40cm, width from 50-70cm.
  • Minimum size of glider room 4m x 4m, height from 2m – 2.5m
  • The size of the rooms in the house is minimum 4m x 4m, maximum 8m x 16m. Minimum height 2.2m, maximum 3m.
  • Floor vents from 1m x 1m to 4m x 4m

Temperature – humidity & light

  • Suitable temperature is from 26-30 degrees, ideal is 28-29 degrees
  • Suitable humidity from 70%-85%, ideally 75%-80%
  • Suitable light from 0.02 – 0.10 lux
  • There must be a ventilation system

The sound and smell of the herd

  • The sound of attracting swiftlets now has many kinds of sounds, but in general, there are 3 types: the type of external language used to attract swiftlets, gathering; The sucking sound is to attract birds to enter the house and the clear sound is to lure the swiftlets into thinking that this house already has many swiftlets in.
  • Outside sound and smoke are open from 5am – 8pm. The internal sound is open from 5 am to 12 pm. Do not open the sound overnight.
  • Use odorant solutions to make the swiftlets think that this house has many swiftlets in. Currently on the market there are many types of odorant solutions such as: KW3 floor powder, PW-Cair, PW Concentrate,  Love Potion .v.v…. and real bird droppings. Depending on the project and conditions, choose accordingly.

Conditions for making a bird’s nest house

a/ Houses with an area of ​​100m2  or more, the city nest house must be higher than the house surrounding the house next door, must have a bird’s nest according to the natural model, the country house is open, the conditions are good for the birds to fly and fly. more food sources.

b/  Those who want to raise swiftlets have the conditions to raise the nests at home, so they should invite consultants  to survey and check the reality, the area that wants to raise swiftlets has a new positive number of swiftlets   invest in building a house to raise swiftlets. , follow the steps to build how standard to create a model like nature and carry out technology transfer to raise bird’s nest in the house.

c/ The house is being raised with an additional floor to raise, the consulting company comes to survey the reality, instructs on how to do it specifically, leaves a proper ventilation hole, and checks the direction of the bird in and out according to the natural process. suitable conditions for swiftlets to nest. (For example, with a house with a ground floor and a floor. The ground floor is used as a transaction room, the upper floor is still good for raising swiftlets.)

d/ If the house is built completely separately for the raising of swiftlets, the consulting company will send someone to guide them well in the process of building the correct process of raising swiftlets, in accordance with the “standard” model, which is almost natural. for the swiftlets to explore, adapt, find a safe place for the swiftlets to stay, and make their nests.

Engineering design and construction of bird’s nest

The design of the swiftlet house is based on the results of a survey of the area and the intended location of the swiftlet house. When designing and building a bird house, it is necessary to pay attention to the sub-climate of the selected area to build a bird’s nest house. According to environmental data, the construction area of the swiftlet house is divided into two main types: The swiftlet house in the area has an average temperature of ≥ 270C, the minimum ceiling height is 3m above the floor, the highest is 4m, 5m. and bird nest in the area with average temperature < 270C, maximum height from floor to ceiling is 3.5m; Minimum is 2.5m.

Dimensions of the swiftlet house

To be effective, the minimum land area to build bird’s nest is 100m2, the size of the current swiftlet houses built in Vietnam with high yields is 5x20m, 6x21m, 7x15m to 10x20m, in addition In addition, there are also large-scaled nest houses such as 20x30m or larger. When investing in building a swiftlet house, the size and number of floors depend on the flocks of swiftlets living in that area to calculate the payback time after the swiftlet house operates to bring about high economic efficiency.

The swiftlet house is built into several floors, with the height of each floor from 3m to 4.5m, depending on the climatic conditions in each region. In areas of high temperature and temperature amplitude, the floor height is from 3.5m to 3.9m to create optimal ventilation and temperature. In areas with low temperature amplitudes such as the Southwest region, the floor height is 3.2m – 3.4m.

Bird’s way to the bird’s nest

The location of the openings for birds to fly in and out is very important in attracting swiftlets to stay and it is a decisive condition in the development of the number of birds. There are two options to open the bird’s hole: using the skylight to make space for the birds to fly down to the bird’s nest and the method of opening the hole from the cage. The size of the opening of the bird’s hole in and out of the bird’s nest depends on the type of house, but the minimum is 30x40cm.

Models and materials used in the construction of birdhouses

In Vietnam, there are currently 3 types of bird nest models used as follows:

+ The model of building bird’s nest with bricks and reinforced concrete is the most popular model today, very suitable for the weather and climate conditions of Vietnam, especially the central provinces that are often affected by many impacts. effects of storms and floods. In addition to traditional brick materials, now some birdhouses also use unburnt bricks (light materials). This model has durability and long life, ensuring good temperature and humidity conditions in the bird’s nest.

+ 3D construction models are being implemented by investors to create attractive structural models in tourist areas. Currently, some swiftlet houses in the South use this model to design and build an artificial mountain model to raise swiftlets. The design and construction principle of this model is knitting a steel frame and then spraying a mixture of cement mortar and additives. This model has a low lifespan, there are many 5- to 7-year-old works showing signs of deterioration, which is difficult to overcome, with high investment costs.

+ Model of prefab house with smart roofing is a model made in the form of iron frame design, roofing and covering tole, smart roofing. The inside of the house is insulated with 10cm foam and Prima/Cemboard is used as the interior wall. This model is mainly used in Vietnam (some bird nests in Ho Chi Minh City and the southwestern provinces). This model has the advantages of fast construction, light materials, suitable for weak geological areas such as the Mekong Delta, but has the disadvantage of low durability, difficult to adjust temperature and humidity in the bird’s nest.

There are also some building models that combine people living below and raising swiftlets on the upper floor.

The technique of building houses and raising oats in Vietnam must be designed in accordance with the specific climatic and soil conditions in our country. Therefore, the designer and the consultant must really understand the geographical factors in the localities and regions to complete the design and implement effective construction techniques.

Scientists, experts, and consulting units make efforts in scientific research, creative technical solutions, and accumulate practical experience to complement the technical process of building bird’s nest houses on a daily basis. The more perfected, the more effective it is, making an important contribution to the development of swiftlet farming in Vietnam in a sustainable way.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *